International Conference on
TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY

Theme : A Window to Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

Scientific Sessions

Scientific Tree invites all the Toxicology, Biology, Chemistry and Pharmacology professionals across the nations to submit their Abstracts before the deadline ends. Kindly submit your abstract. There are altogether 23 sessions on Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology conference . Choose your calling and please submit your abstract relevant to the conference or session



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Session 1Drug Toxicology

A toxicology screen is a test that determines the approximate amount and type of legal or illegal drugs that you’ve taken. Drug toxicology uses screening for drug abuse; to monitor a substance abuse problem; or to evaluate drug intoxication or overdose. Screening is done using a urine, saliva or hair, blood samples. The results can show the presence of one specific drug or a variety of drugs at once. Further testing may be needed to determine the exact amount of a particular drug in the body and to confirm the results. Many substances can be discovered through toxicology screens. Drug toxicology screening detects drugs which include    alcohol, ethanol and methanol, benzodiazepines, cocaine, barbiturates, methadone and so on. This session further discusses the latest technological developments in drug toxicology.

Session 2Food Toxicology

Food Toxicology has high stakes in food industry, universities, and government agencies, and is certainly of great concern to consumers. Food toxicology deals with toxins in foods such as plant toxins, mycotoxins, pesticides, or heavy metals. The first pedagogic treatment of the entire range of toxic compounds found naturally in foods or introduced by industrial contamination or food processing methods. Food Toxicology also covers the areas of vital concern to consumers such as toxicological implications of food adulteration like ethylene glycol in wines or the Spanish olive oil disaster, or pesticide residues etc. This session further discusses food toxicology and how best it can be exploited in the interest of food industry, food factories, and hotels and consumers and health issues.   

Session 3Nanotoxicology

Nanotoxicology involves the study of is the study of the toxicity of nanomaterials. Nanomaterials have unique properties compared with their larger counterparts because of the quantum size effects and large surface area to volume ratio. Nanotoxicology is a branch of bionanoscience which deals with the study and application of toxicity of nanomaterials, which are when even made of inert elements like gold, become highly active at nanometer dimensions. Nanotoxicological studies are intended to determine whether and to what extent these properties may pose a threat to the environment and to human beings. This session discusses the latest developments and advancements in nanotoxicology.

Session 4Genetic Toxicology and Toxicity Testing

In genetic toxicology, the property of chemical agents that damages the genetic information within a cell causing mutations may lead to cancer. While genotoxicity is often confused with mutagenicity, all mutagens are genotoxic, whereas not all genotoxic substances are mutagenic. The alteration can have direct or indirect effects on the DNA: the induction of mutations, mistimed event activation, and direct DNA damage leading to mutations. The permanent, heritable changes can affect either somatic cells of the organism or germ cells to be passed on to future generations. Cells prevent expression of the genotoxic mutation by either DNA repair or apoptosis; however, the damage may not always be fixed leading to mutagenesis. This session discusses about genetic toxicology and toxicity testing.

Session 5Pharmacology

Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous like from within body molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism. More specifically, it is the study of the interactions that occur between a living organism and chemicals that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function. If substances have medicinal properties they are considered pharmaceuticals. Pharmacology encompasses drug composition and properties, synthesis and drug design, molecular and cellular mechanisms, organ/systems mechanisms, signal transduction/cellular communication, molecular diagnostics, interactions, toxicology, chemical biology, therapy, and medical applications and antipathogenic capabilities. This session discusses more about pharmacology.

Session 6Human & Health Toxicology

Human and Health Toxicology involves the study of adverse effects caused to the body by xenobiotic substances, which include a wide range of disciplines such as organ systems toxicity, lung toxicology etc. Health toxicology deals with the structure and function relationship; human and health sways of the chemicals. Other trace elements in human nutrition and health that are assessed include human toxicology and chemical mixtures; human toxicology of chemical mixtures; human poisoning diagnosis and treatment; and toxicology and environmental health; human clinical toxicology; human experimental toxicology;   carcinogenicity; and chemicals. This session discusses various developments in Human and Health Toxicology.    

Session 7Toxicologic Pathology

Toxicologic Pathology focuses on elements which including spontaneous and experimentally induced morphological and functional changes, environmental exposures, case reports, and risk assessment and investigative techniques. Toxicologic pathology plays a critical role in the safety assessment of nonhuman primates used in drug development through the identification and interpretation of microscopic tissue changes. It is dedicated to the promotion of human, animal, and environmental health through the dissemination of knowledge, techniques, and guidelines to enhance the understanding and practice of toxicologic pathology. This session throws open the discussions on further developments in toxicologic pathology.

Session 8Occupational Toxicology

Occupational Toxicology deals with the occupational hazards in the work places which affect human health effects due to chemical and biological hazards for centuries. Occupational Toxicologists or health specialists depend upon human and animal data to determine safe exposure levels. On the other hand shedding light on the mechanism by which a designated effect is produced in a test animal species may make it easier to find ways to prevent such effects from occurring in humans. Such an understanding may also help to identify subtle or delayed effects that have not been observed in workers, but to which health professionals should be alerted. This session discusses and debates on many occupational hazards and occupational toxicology.

Session 9Pesticide Chemistry and Toxicology

Pesticide control involves killing pest organisms or otherwise preventing them from destructive behavior. Pesticides are either natural or synthetic and are applied to target pests in a myriad of formulations and application technology systems such as sprays, baits, slow-release diffusion, dust, pesticide chemistry, metabolic degradation pathways, biochemical toxicology, therapy and antidotes, nano-pesticides and terminologies associated with pesticide chemistry and toxicology. Use of pesticides requires a proper understanding of the chemistry, their handling and their use in crop protection or hygiene. These are toxic chemicals and require a good understanding of therapy and antidotes at the time of poisoning. This session discusses and debates more on pesticide chemistry and toxicology and the latest developments.

Session 10Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology

Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology is a complex subject that deals with three components such as parent, placenta, and fetus; and the continuous changes that occur in each. It addresses a broad range of topics including nanoparticles and radiation, gases and solvents, smoking, alcohol and drugs of abuse, food additives, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals, and metals, among others. With a special focus on placental toxicity, this book is the only available reference to connect the three key risk stages, and is the only resource to include reproductive and developmental toxicity in domestic animals, fish, and wildlife. This session discusses latest technologies, trends and developments in Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology.

Session 11Toxicology

Toxicology is a discipline that overlaps with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, medicine, and nursing that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants. The relationship between dose and its effects on the exposed organism is of high significance in toxicology. Factors that influence chemical toxicity includes the dosage and whether it is acute or chronic, route of exposure, species, age, sex, and environment. Toxicologists are experts on poisons and poisoning. This session on toxicology discusses and debates the latest trends and developments on research front in toxicology.

Session 12Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Forensic medicine is a branch that deals with the application of medical knowledge to establish facts in civil or criminal legal cases, such as an investigation into the cause and time of suspicious death. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology go hand in hand complementing each other. Forensic medicine, which includes forensic pathology, is a narrower field that involves collection and analysis of medical evidence in the form of samples to produce objective information for use in the legal system. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology involve the study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to legal problems, such as inquests, and in the field of law. As modern medicine is a legal creation, regulated by the state, and medicolegal cases involving death, rape, and paternity require a medical practitioner to produce evidence and appear as an expert witness, these two fields have traditionally been interdependent. This session discusses the latest trends, developments and technological advancements in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.

Session 13Toxicology of Metals

Toxicology of Metals deals with the metals in prosthetics and dental implants, gene-environment interaction, neurotoxicology, metals in food, renal, cardiovascular, and diabetes effects of metal exposures and more. Toxicology of metals provide basis for better understanding of the potential for adverse effects on human health. Other issues involve are toxic metals in food; toxicity of metals released from medical devices; gene-environment interactions; neurotoxicology of metals; cardiovascular disease; renal effects of exposure to metals; gold and gold mining; iridium; lanthanum; lithium and rhodium. This session discusses and debates more on the importance of toxicology of metals.

Session 14Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment

The evaluation of environmental toxicology and the potential Risk Assessment of hundred pharmaceuticals occurred in the highest quantities in the wastewater of a general hospital and a psychiatric center in Switzerland. The Environmental concentrations in the effluents of the exposure scenarios were predicted by estimating dilution in sewers and with literature data on elimination during wastewater treatment. Effective risk assessment was performed using quantitative structure-activity relationships based on experimental environmental toxicity data which is available for less than 20% of the 100 pharmaceuticals with expected highest loads. Risk will be affected by how people are exposed to a chemical, such as the level and duration of exposure, and the way in which a chemical gets into the body. This session debates and discusses more about environmental toxicity and risk assessment to reduce and regulate the wastewater treatment plants. And the high risk assessment of pharmaceuticals wastes like excreted mainly with feces, urine source separation and finding out a viable option for reducing the risk potential from hospital wastewater.

Session 15Risk Assessment

The evaluation of environmental toxicology and the potential Risk Assessment of hundred pharmaceuticals occurred in the highest quantities in the wastewater of a general hospital and a psychiatric center in Switzerland. The Environmental concentrations in the effluents of the exposure scenarios were predicted by estimating dilution in sewers and with literature data on elimination during wastewater treatment. Effective risk assessment was performed using quantitative structure-activity relationships based on experimental environmental toxicity data which is available for less than 20% of the 100 pharmaceuticals with expected highest loads. Risk will be affected by how people are exposed to a chemical, such as the level and duration of exposure, and the way in which a chemical gets into the body. This session debates and discusses more about environmental toxicity and risk assessment to reduce and regulate the wastewater treatment plants. And the high risk assessment of pharmaceuticals wastes like excreted mainly with feces, urine source separation and finding out a viable option for reducing the risk potential from hospital wastewater.

Session 16Regulatory Toxicology

Regulatory toxicology must be able to evaluate data from all branches of toxicology and assess its relevance to human health in real-life chemical exposure situations. Regulating toxicology to such a wide variety of problems is rather more than a matter of careful judgment forming the basis of important consequences for public health. The regulatory toxicologists recommend the factors that are the basis for regulations, and Government policy and advice in order to help protect many aspects of our daily lives. Regulatory toxicologists help to enhance and safeguard the health of the public.

Session 17Toxicity of Consumer and Household Products

Toxicity of consumer and household products is a concern for human beings across the world. There are hundreds of consumer and household products that are of toxic hazards. Ingredients with high acute toxicity include corrosive chemicals that burn our eyes, and skin; chemicals when ingested affecting the throat and esophagus; chlorine bleach and ammonia which produce fumes and irritate eyes, nose, throat and lungs; and other lung damaging gases, toilet cleaners, chlorine gases etc are some of the few household products that need to be handled with care and sensitivity. This session discusses more on such consumer and household products that has high volumes of toxicity and how best to handle them.

Session 18Translational Toxicology

Translational Toxicology ought to incorporate existing principles of toxicology and epidemiology in order to aim at developing the safe and effective interventions beyond simple reduction or avoidance of exposure to prevent, and to mitigate or reverse adverse human health effects of exposures. Translational toxicology must encompass the assessment of human exposures in critical windows across the lifespan; define the modes of action and relevance of data from animal models; to develop plausible predictions; to protect and restore human health interventions. This session discusses more on translational toxicology and various precautions that need to be taken to enhance human lives qualitatively.

Session 19Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiovascular Alterations Pediatric Cardiology

Pediatric Cardiology is a branch dealing with the management of cardiac problems and surgical aspects of children under the age group of 15 years. Pediatric cardiology treats the conditions of heart related problems in children focusing on diagnostic and treatment aspects including surgical care. Pediatric cardiology deals with various congenital heart defects, rheumatic heart diseases, asphyxial cardiac arrest, echocardiogram graphs, and electroencephalography studies, cardiac electro catheterizations, neonatal intensive care and other cardiovascular alterations in pediatric cardiology are considered. This session discusses several cardiologic and cardiovascular alterations in pediatrics and various aspects that deal with pediatric patient care in cardiology.

Session 20Pediatric Disorders

There are many pediatric disorders and diseases that occur in newborns, growing children and adolescents. Here are some of the pediatric disorders and diseases which include asthma, diaper dermatitis, eczema, gastroenteritis, impetigo, skin infection, otitis media, scabies, urinary tract infection, autism, down syndrome, cerebral palsy, rapid or shallow respirations to name a few. This session discusses various pediatric genetic disorders and diseases, the latest technological developments in providing treatment and cure for such disorders, the diagnostic procedures, and medical interventions, the discovery of vaccines, newer drugs; and the application of nanotechnology, robotics and laser technology.  

Session 21Toxicology Databases and Informatics

Toxicology Databases and Informatics are necessary to maintain and disseminate knowledge on toxicology. The use of information systems to support the areas of toxicology and environmental public health is necessarily extensive because of the large numbers of potentially toxic substances with which environmental health specialists and toxicologists must deal. We need to focus on the services available for unambiguous chemical identification; on bibliographic search and retrieval systems; on authoritative factual databases; on threat-identification databases; on diagnostic tools; on systems to support case management; and on surveillance systems. This session discusses in maintaining toxicology databases in the light of advance technologies and powerful informatics and techniques.

Session 22Endocrine toxicity

Endocrine systems function to maintain control over many of the other systems of the body via glands that release hormones that circulate in the blood stream. Hormones act on target tissues and cells that respond to hormones via various signal transduction pathways, such as receptors. The endocrine system consists of many different glands that secrete hormones including, for example, the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, ovaries, and testes. Endocrine toxicity results when a chemical interferes with the synthesis, secretion, transport, metabolism, binding action, or elimination of hormones necessary for endocrine functions resulting in loss of normal tissue function, development, growth, or reproduction.

Session 23In Silico toxicology and Nano Eco-toxicology

Many in silico methods have been developed to predict the toxicity of chemicals. The methods we discuss here are chosen either because they illustrate the historical development of in silico toxicology or they represent the state?of?the?art method for predicting toxicity. For each method, we provide (if applicable) a mathematical description, discussion of strengths and limitations, recommendations about when and why to use the method, and existing tools that implement the method. Additionally, for the sake of clarity, we keep equations and visual representations of models as general as possible

Ecotoxicology is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms, especially at the population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere levels. Ecotoxicology is a multidisciplinary field, which integrates toxicology and ecology. The ultimate goal of this approach is to be able to reveal and to predict the effects of pollution within the context of all other environmental factors. Based on this knowledge the most efficient and effective action to prevent or remediate any detrimental effect can be identified. In those ecosystems that are already impacted by pollution Eco toxicological studies can inform as to the best course of action to restore ecosystem services and functions efficiently and effectively.